Care at Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

There are several treatment options for patients with insomnia. The Sleep Research and Treatment Center is one of the few in the country that offers Behavioral Sleep Medicine (BSM) treatments, such as cognitive-behavioral treatment of insomnia (CBT-I), delivered by a board certified sleep psychologist. CBT-I is currently indicated by the American College of Physicians as the first-line treatment for chronic insomnia. This is a face-to-face, time-limited treatment in which the patient learns how to change his/her behavior in respect to sleep and fatigue.

Our clinicians can prescribe medications, such as hypnotics and sedatives, which may help an individual fall asleep and stay asleep. There are multiple medications that can be used to treat chronic insomnia such as so-called Z-drugs (Zolpidem, Zaleplon), benzodiazepines, or sedative antidepressants.

Locations where we treat condition:

Penn State Sleep Research and Treatment Center
1214 Research Blvd., Suite 1159
Hummelstown, PA 17036

Schedule an Appointment: 717-531-8520

Departments that treat condition: Penn State Sleep Research and Treatment Center, a joint service of Pulmonary Medicine and Psychiatry. 

Research & Clinical Trials

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Symptoms, Diagnosis & Outlook


  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Difficulty staying asleep
  • Early morning awakening
Also common: 
  • Daytime fatigue 
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Anxiety, worry
  • Depressed mood


Insomnia is diagnosed based on a patient’s clinical history and report of sleep problems. A comprehensive assessment is completed using standardized patient-reported scales. In some cases, an actigraph, which is a wristwatch-like device that allows clinicians to assess movement and sleep at home, can be used. In specific cases, an overnight sleep study may be required.

Outlook & Prognosis

Non-drug based behavioral sleep medicine treatments are effective in improving nighttime sleep in individuals with chronic insomnia. For some patients with chronic insomnia, a sleep medication may be required.

We can help

To schedule an appointment, please call