Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation – Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Musculoskeletal disorders are ones that affect the muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves or blood vessels. People with these disorders can have difficulty walking, moving the arms and legs, and have mild to severe pain.
At Penn State Health Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R), our PM&R physiatrists (physicians who specialize in physical medicine and rehabilitation) and other rehabilitation professionals can help.
Our rehabilitation specialists care for patients who have many types of musculoskeletal disorders, conditions and injuries, such as:
- Arthritis (inflammation of joints)
- Back pain
- Bone tumors
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Fibromyalgia (pain with fatigue, insomnia, memory and mood problems)
- Fractures, sprains and strains
- Joint dislocations
- Joint replacement surgery
- Limb amputation
- Osteoporosis (causes weakening and fractures)
- Spasticity (stiff or rigid muscles and sudden, uncontrollable muscle movements)
- Sports or work-related injuries
- Tendonitis (inflammation of tissue that connects muscles to bones)
How we can help
Penn State Health offers comprehensive rehabilitation services to help patients who have musculoskeletal disorders. Our goals are to improve function, relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. The services we offer include:
- Physical and occupational therapy to improve strength, range of motion and function
- Adaptive sports and recreation to learn new ways of playing sports
- Activities of daily living training to regain self-care ability
- Specialized pediatric rehabilitation services for children’s unique needs
Targeted treatment for spasticity
The PM&R physiatrists at Penn State Health are working to advance treatments for spasticity (stiff, rigid muscles and uncontrolled movement) and limb dystonia (abnormal postures and repetitive movement).
A promising treatment is injections of neurotoxins, such as botulinum toxin (Botox) and phenolic acid. These injections relieve pain, muscle stiffness or involuntary movement.
Our PM&R physiatrists also specialize in baclofen pump trials (where medicine is inserted directly into the spine), refills and long-term management.